SECD (Swine Enteric Coronavirus Disease)
Since 2 separate but related viruses have been identified during this outbreak…
- PEDV – porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, and
- PDCoV – porcine deltacorona virus
…they have been rolled together for ease of conversation into what is being referred to as SECD. (All that info above was just so we could know which one we were talking about! And we haven’t even touched on the differences in the lab or in the pig on the farm!)
But this post is about what the current situation is rather than to talk molecular biology. Or to sum it up and as I heard recently one swine vet had proclaimed, “this is teaching us a lot about more than what we thought we knew about bio-security.”
There are reams of data being recorded and subsequently reported. Please keep in mind that quantity and quality are separate issues. Because of the volume of data, here’s the link to UDSA APHIS VS SECD page. There are links on that page to much more details such as weekly reports and maps. But here’s the latest map of cumulative instances.
An important point to keep in mind regarding these viruses – they do not survive well in hot, dry environments. There’s another big advantage to living in the Sonoran Desert.
Here is some information from a USDA APHIS announcement about the federal response to this situation:
APHIS announced the availability of $26.2 million in funding to combat these diseases and issued a Federal Order requiring the reporting of new detections of PEDv and other new swine enteric coronavirus disease to APHIS or State animal health officials. The Federal Order also requires that operations reporting these viruses work with their veterinarian, USDA or State animal health officials to develop and implement a reasonable management plan to address the detected virus and prevent its spread.
Arizona has been granted funds through this program to assist with improving bio-security through education of veterinarians and producers along with conducting surveillance around the state to detect the disease. We have just gotten started with this effort. Please let us hear from you if you have ideas how we may be able to help.
Thanks for your time. And enjoy the ride!