Given that we are supposed to be a nation of laws which are to be enacted by those we elect to represent us, I thought it might be educational to enumerate the laws that pertains to the office of State Veterinarian in AZ. Each one contains a link to the actual online version of the statute.
The rules that pertains (ie the sections of AZ Administrative Code) are too lengthy to include but realize the statutes are what authorize any rule to be promulgated.
Lastly I’ll point out 3-1205 and 3-1742. Those authorize the state veterinarian to enter and seize under certain conditions. That’s a lot of power which should be used cautiously, as there’s a very old and true saying about power.
Title 3: Agriculture
Chapter 1. AGRICULTURAL ADMINISTRATION
Article 1. Department of Agriculture
Chapter 4. DAIRIES AND DAIRYING
Article 1. General Provisions
Chapter 11. OWNERSHIP, CONTROL AND REGULATION OF LIVESTOCK
Article 1. Animal Services Division
Article 10. Ratite Production
Chapter 12. LIVESTOCK INJURY AND DISEASES
Article 3. Tuberculosis Control
Article 4. Brucellosis Control
Chapter 13. SLAUGHTER OF ANIMALS AND SALE OF MEAT
Chapter 15. Animal and Bird Feeds
Article 3. Garbage Fed to Swine
Title 11: Counties
Chapter 7. INTERGOVERNMENTAL OPERATIONS
Article 6. Animal Control
Article 6.1. Handling of Animals
Title 17: Game and Fish
Chapter 2. GAME AND FISH DEPARTMENT AND GAME AND FISH COMMISSION
Article 3. Powers and Duties
Chapter 3. TAKING AND HANDLING OF WILDLIFE
Article 1. General Regulations
Title 36: Public Health and Safety
Chapter 6. PUBLIC HEALTH CONTROL
Article 9. Enhanced Surveillance Advisories and Public Health Emergencies
Folks – here’s a quick run down of various disease situations around the country (in no particular order.)
VSV – Vesicular Stomatis Virus
From the number of new cases reported this week, it appears this year’s epidemic is winding down. 5 new equine and 1 new bovine in CO plus 1 new equine in TX. To date 365 positive premises have been identified.
SECD – Swine Enteric Coronavirus Disease
Unfortunately this one is still ugly. Here’s last week’s mapping. Estimates are now over 7 million piglets have died in this epidemic.
TB – Tuberculosis
I’m not aware of much cattle trade with the folks in MI. But in an attempt to keep everyone informed, MI has improved its TB status, narrowing down the affected zone.
Unfortunately the folks to our west (CA) continue to battle the issue. Here’s an update they released in July reviewing the situation.
Be careful out there. But enjoy the ride!
Recently I was asked to speak about raw milk at the US Public Health Services Commission Officers Symposium being held in Glendale this year. So I thought I’d share some of that discussion.
An Abridged History of Humans and Milking Cows
- Aurochs (forerunners to modern cattle) – domesticated 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in Fertile Crescent
- 3000 BCE – Egyptian stone carving of person milking cow with calf nearby
- 1796 CE – In England, Jenner notices milk maids with cow pox are immune to small pox; begins inoculating people
- 1860s – In France, Pasteur demonstrates basis for germ theory; subsequently develops pasteurization to eliminate germs from medium
- Late 19th Century US – unhygienic production facilities serve as a medium to spread diseases like typhoid and tuberculosis in cities; public health crisis led to skyrocketing infant mortality
- 1889 Henry Coit, MD began campaign for Medical Milk Commission to oversee or certify production of milk for cleanliness (son died 1891 from contaminated milk)
- Commission formed in 1893
- 1895 commercial pasteurizing machines for milk were introduced
- “Bad Milk Causes Typhoid,” Sep. 19, 1913 edition of The New York Times – large typhoid epidemic in New York City attributed to contaminated milk
- 1917 Mandatory Pasteurization begins in many places
- 1999 Dr. John Leedom, M.D, physician representative – board of directors at California’s Alta Dena Dairy’s certified raw milk operation; discontinued raw milk production and distribution in 1999
- Today raw milk regulation varies from one extreme to the other across the 50 states; some ban it totally while others allow the sale
Here are Dr. Leedom’s words that I find very clarifying.
“Raw milk and raw milk products should be avoided, unless the consumer believes that the improved taste of the product warrants the risk. Warning labels should appear on all raw milk and raw milk products that clearly spell out the possible dangers, so the consumer can make an informed choice: caveat emptor.”
There are many other aspects that I want to share on this topic. But that will have to suffice for the moment because I am out of time. So next time: raw milk part 2; until then enjoy the ride.