National VSV Update

USDA released their weekly report on the VSV situation. Unfortunately the disease continues to show up in new places. Texas had its first case confirmed. It won’t be posted on USDA’s website until sometime tomorrow but here’s a snippet from the report:

  • On May 18, 2015, the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa confirmed a finding of VSV infection (New Jersey serotype) on an equine premises in Pecos County, Texas.  This is the 2015 index case of VSV for Texas.
    • (The New Jersey strain is what we’re finding in AZ.)
  • Additional confirmed and suspect VSV premises have been identified in both Arizona and New Mexico in known affected counties.
  • As of May 14, 2015, all VSV-confirmed and suspect premises have been released from quarantine in Utah.

VSV is also continuing to pop up here. We have new cases in the hot spots in the vicinity of the Verde River. We also have indication that one new case likely came about because of sharing a bit. Please be diligent in your sanitation and biosecurity efforts. And kill bugs!

New Equine Biosecurity Document

Canadian officials have released a draft document: (Canadian) “National Farm and Facility Level Biosecurity Standard for the Equine Sector.”

A quick glance tells me this is not for the faint of heart. It weighs in at 67 pages. I can’t comment on the quality of the information since I just saw this. But given the challenging situations lately, I thought it best to pass the news of this resource along.

Does anyone else wonder if some folks get paid by the syllable?

VSV in Central AZ

As I mentioned last week, we have VSV detected now in the vicinity of Camp Verde.

This post is to let folks know we have a 2nd location now under quarantine, in that same general vicinity. Like the previous one, this one is not far off the Verde River.

Now here’s the interesting thing I wanted to pass along. One of these premises (and a horse still there but without signs of disease today) was infected with VSV and placed under quarantine in 2005.

Biosecurity Info

Another Good Resource on Event Management

Colorado State Extension has a page on Biosecurity with good information on various events and species. The page has several links, one of which is to a fairly extensive guide for evaluating your operation.

OIE Reportable Diseases

And for those of you curious about international angles on diseases, here’s OIE’s list of reportable diseases. You’ll note that VSV is not listed. That change occurred with 2015 coming in.

Behind the Scenes: Producers Prepared

Poultry and Egg Producers, are you ready for HPAI?

Since March, media has spread the word about the history of HPAI in the US and countries banning US poultry and egg imports. Fortunately, they have also advised that humans are considered to be at low risk of contracting H5 HPAI and as of today, no human H5 HPAI infections have been detected.

What the media is not sharing are the preparedness efforts taking place behind-the-scenes to minimize risk of HPAI exposure to poultry and egg producers. One of these efforts would be the Secure Egg Supply Plan.

This plan has measures in place to ensure eggs are safe for consumption and available. Egg movement is a concern for spreading the disease through the industry and to other birds, but there is no indication that a person could contract AI through eating eggs. The SES plan contains specific science and risk based recommendations necessary for federal and state official’s to use; allowing the permit processing for egg movement to be expedited during an HPAI outbreak.

The SES plan has a voluntary preparedness component and those businesses choosing to participate aim to be compliant with a 45 item biosecurity checklist, verified GPS coordinates and have training on epidemiology questionnaires, sample collection and submission as well as data entry into the SES portal to be conducive to an active surveillance program. To date, five State Animal Health Officials have requested to be enrolled in the SES voluntary preparedness plan and many more are showing interest as the outbreaks of HPAI are on the rise.

Egg Producers-the great thing about this plan is non-infected commercial egg businesses utilizing this plan can move eggs without unnecessary disruption thus reducing incidence of cold storage back-up and spoiled eggs.

The main point is be proactive rather than reactive and as a result those who choose to take part in this preparedness plan will be better equipped to handle an outbreak if one should occur on their premise.

For more information on the SES plan please see:

NM Announces VSV

The State Vet in NM issued a press release earlier announcing 2 premises had been confirmed with Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV). 1 is located in Grant County (which borders AZ), the other in Otero County (which is north-northeast of El Paso).

NMLB VSV Press Release_FINAL_043015


It is not fully known how VSV spreads; factors include insect vectors, mechanical transmission, and movement of animals. The
virus primarily affects cattle, horses, and pigs, causing blister-like lesions that can be painful enough to limit the animal’s eating
and drinking. Affected animals typically recover in two weeks. Quarantine of infected and exposed animals, isolation of lesioned animals, good biosecurity practices and fly control are essential elements to control the disease.

Stay tuned for more!